Pakistan Facts and Figure

Basic Facts

Official name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan




796,095 sq km

307,374 sq mi



153,705,280 (2004 estimate)

Population growth

Population growth rate

1.95 percent (2004 estimate)

Projected population in 2025

213,338,252 (2004 estimate)

Projected population in 2050

267,813,495 (2004 estimate)

Population density

197 persons per sq km (2004 estimate)

511 persons per sq mi (2004 estimate)

Urban/rural distribution

Share urban

34 percent (2002 estimate)

Share rural

66 percent (2002 estimate)

Largest cities, with population


9,269,265 (1998)


5,063,499 (1998)


1,977,246 (1998)


1,406,214 (1998)


1,151,274 (1998)

Linguistic and Ethnic groups


48 percent


13 percent


12 percent


10 percent


8 percent


9 percent


Urdu (official), English (commonly used), Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki

Religious affiliations

Sunni Muslim

77 percent

Shia Muslim

20 percent

Christian, Hindu, and other

3 percent

Health and Education

Life expectancy


62.6 years (2004 estimate)


63.6 years (2004 estimate)


61.6 years (2004 estimate)

Infant mortality rate

75 deaths per 1,000 live births (2004 estimate)

Population per physician

2,703 people (1999)

Population per hospital bed

1,535 people (1993)

Literacy rate


46.6 percent (2004 estimate)


31.5 percent (2004 estimate)


60.6 percent (2004 estimate)

Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP)

1.8 percent (2000-2001)

Number of years of compulsory schooling

5 years (2000)

Number of students per teacher, primary school

44 students per teacher (2000-2001)


Form of government


Head of state


Head of government

Prime minister


Bicameral legislature

National Assembly: 342 members

Senate: 100 members

Voting qualifications

Universal at age 21*

*Voting age lowered to 18 years for 2002 elections.


10 April 1973 ; suspended 5 July 1977 ; restored 30 December 1985 ; suspended October 1999; revived in November 2002
Highest court

Supreme Court

Armed forces

Army, Navy, Air Force

Total number of military personnel

620,000 (2002)

Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP)

3.9 percent (2002)

First-level political divisions

Four provinces, two federally administered areas, and the Federal Capital Territory of Islamabad


Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S. $)

$59 billion (2002)

GDP per capita ( U.S. $)

$410 (2002)

GDP by economic sector

Agriculture, forestry, fishing

23.2 percent (2002)


23.3 percent (2002)


53.5 percent (2002)


Number of workers

55,280,113 (2002)

Workforce share of economic sector

Agriculture, forestry, fishing

48 percent (2000)


18 percent (2000)


34 percent (2000)

Unemployment rate

7.8 percent (2000)

National budget ( U.S. $)
Total revenue

$8,641 million (2001)

Total expenditure

$11,944 million (2001)

Monetary unit

1 Pakistani rupee (PRe), consisting of 100 paisa


Sugarcane, wheat, rice, cotton lint, corn, livestock


Petroleum, limestone, rock salt, gypsum, silica sand, natural gas, coal


Textiles, food products, petroleum products, consumer goods, fertilizers, chemicals, cement

Major exports

Cotton clothing, thread, and textiles; raw cotton and rice; petroleum, leather, and fish products

Major imports

Machinery, electrical goods, petroleum products, transportation equipment, metals and metal products, fertilizer, foodstuffs

Major trade partners for exports

United States , United Arab Emirates , United Kingdom , Germany , and Hong Kong SAR
Major trade partners for imports
United Arab Emirates , Saudi Arabia , Kuwait , United States , and Japan

Energy, Communications, and Transportation

Electricity production

Electricity from thermal sources

68.85 percent (2001 estimate)

Electricity from hydroelectric sources

28.20 percent (2001 estimate)

Electricity from nuclear sources

2.96 percent (2001 estimate)

Electricity from geothermal, solar, and wind sources

0 percent (2001 estimate)

Number of radios per 1,000 people

94 (1997)

Number of telephones per 1,000 people

25 (2002)

Number of televisions per 1,000 people

131 (2000 estimate)

Number of Internet hosts per 10,000 people

0.87 (2002)

Daily newspaper circulation per 1,000 people

40 (1999)

Number of motor vehicles per 1,000 people

8.5 (1999)

Paved road as a share of total roads

59 percent (2001)


Basic Facts and People sections

Area data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Population, population growth rate, and population projections are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center , International Data Base (IDB) ( Urban and rural population data are from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), FAOSTAT database ( Largest cities population data and political divisions data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Ethnic divisions and religion data are largely from the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook and from various country censuses and reports. Language data are largely from the Ethnologue, Languages of the World , Summer Institute of Linguistics International (

Health and Education section

Life expectancy and infant mortality data are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center , International database (IDB) ( Population per physician and population per hospital bed data are from the World Health Organization (WHO) ( Education data are from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (

Government section

Government, independence, legislature, constitution, highest court, and voting qualifications data are largely from various government Web sites, the latest Europa World Yearbook , and the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook . The armed forces data is from Military Balance .

Economy section

Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP per capita, GDP by economic sectors, employment, and national budget data are from the World Bank database ( Monetary unit, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, exports, imports, and major trade partner information is from the statistical bureaus of individual countries, latest Europa World Yearbook , and various United Nations and International Monetary Fund (IMF) publications.

Energy, Communication, and Transportation section

Electricity information is from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) database ( Radio, telephone, television, and newspaper information is from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database ( Internet hosts, motor vehicles, and road data are from the World Bank database (


Figures may not total 100 percent due to rounding.

Copyright © 2009-2010 . All rights reserved.

About the author


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

Copyright © 2017. Powered by Paknewslive